Joints are complex structures comprising of bones, muscles, tendons, ligaments and other tissues. Damage or injury to a joint can involve any of these structures, which is why it gets difficult to identify which among these is the reason behind the pain. However, impact and inflammation happen to all the joint parts.
Knee and hip are quite flexible and have an extensive range of movement. Owing to this very reason, they count among the joints that are affected the most. Also, they withstand extreme stress and bear maximum body weight.
Causes of Joint Pain
There are an array of health conditions behind pain in one or more joints. However, the usual myth says that it affects elderly the most.
Let’s take an example here. Suppose a sportsperson is hit by ankle sprain. Now, it is very much possible that the sporting injury turns into a severe joint pain with limitation of movement, swelling in the joint, etc.
Talking exclusively about the major causes of joint pain, they include:
Rheumatoid arthritis: It can give rise to joint pain from young age and is described as autoimmune illness, where body’s immune system instead of attacking the invading organisms, it starts attacking its own cells. Rheumatoid arthritis creates pain in multiple joints simultaneously and requires immediate treatment.
Injuries: These result from falls, sports injuries or accidents like ‘going over the ankle.’ Joint structures damaged are the ligaments that hold the bones together. However, more than one ligament is damaged, torn or ruptured if the injury is severe. What else? Muscles and connected tendons may also become injured and inflamed.
Gout: A metabolic disorder, here uric acid crystals precipitate out of the blood and accumulate in joints and other tissues. These crystals set off an inflammatory reaction and result in swelling & pain.
Osteoarthritis: Sometimes referred as ‘wear and tear’ arthritis, this condition comes as the second most common reason. This particular problem is faced by older people and starts with one or two joints. Bones osteoarthritis in the lumbar spine leads to lumbago or low back pain. Wear and tear of spinal bones of the neck sometimes gives rise to neck pain.
Some Other Causes
Apart from these reasons, there are some others too. They include:
Excessive intake of vitamin A
Other infections, such as Lyme disease and gonorrhoea
Visiting an orthopedic physician marks the first step. He/she goes through the complete medical history to determine how actually the pain began. Whether it is a result of sudden injury or an overuse issue, physical examination detects the current function of the joint.
To get an accurate picture, MRIs, X-rays and ultrasounds are recommended. After getting the clear idea of the condition, best treatment is prescribed. Majority of joint injuries are possible to treat non-surgically with:
Biologic and injections
Temporarily limiting activity
Joint replacement surgery
If you are dealing with joint pain and delaying the mater, it’s high time to get into action and start with the appropriate treatment right away. Get cured now or prepare yourself for some unpleasant health complexities.
Source: HerbalCart BlogSpot